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Inclusion is not a place. To be included is to feel a sense of belonging and to participate in activities available to all others in our community. The result of inclusion is motivation, engagement, and achievement.

Topical Resources

There are numerous resources available to anyone hoping to learn more about the legal, technical, and practical aspects of making inclusive education a reality. It's just a matter of finding them! Check out some of the links we find useful.


School Leadership

Here are some resources for principals and teacher leaders who play a critical role in fostering a positive mindset toward inclusion, creating school organizational structures that enable all students to learn together, and responding to the technical and adaptive challenges facing educators.


Clearing a Path for Inclusion: Distributing Leadership in a High Performing Elementary School

This study examines the efforts and actions of one principal and her team in building a more inclusive and high-performing elementary school in a large urban school district.


Effective Leadership Makes Schools Truly Inclusive

This article by James McLeskey and Nancy Waldron discusses the qualities of a principal who promotes improved student outcomes through data-based instructional decisions and inclusive school practices.


Inclusive Principal Leadership – Part 1: What It Is & Why It Matters

The National Center for Learning Disabilities describes the practice of inclusive principal leadership and why it matters.


Principals of Inclusive Schools

This brief by the National Institute of Urban School Improvement describes the characteristics of inclusive leaders and how they can support inclusive schools.


Promoting Principal Leadership for the Success of Students with Disabilities

Published by the CEEDAR Center in collaboration with the Council of Chief State School Officers, this document provides State Education Agencies and local administrators with actionable steps to cultivate competencies for effective principal leadership.


Promises to Keep: Transforming Educator Preparation to Better Serve a Diverse Range of Learners

This document from the CEEDAR Center covers educator preparation to teach struggling learners, including students with disabilities, to meet college-and-career-ready standards.



International Literature on Inclusion


Global Report on Inclusive Education 2020 

This UNESCO report looks at social, economic, and cultural mechanisms that discriminate against vulnerable children, youth, and adults, keeping them out of education or marginalized in it.


UN Report on Inclusive Ed as Human Rights 2019

In this report, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights makes 11 recommendations for ensuring that children with disabilities receive an inclusive education, are empowered to have a voice and advocate on their own behalf, and that systems enact policies to prevent institutionalization, abuse, violence, and exploitation.



Universal Design for Learning

Below are some resources to help school districts take the journey to create curricula that are accessible to ALL students.


Teachers Guide to UDL

Katie Novak’s "Teachers’ Guide to UDL" helps teachers from setting the stage of their lesson and creating a warm-up to self-differentiated assessment as an expression of student learning.


Universal Design for Learning to Help All Children Read: Promoting Literacy for Learners with Disabilities

This toolkit, developed by USAID, provides educators and their partners with a resource to help learners with disabilities learn to read through inclusive schooling.


Universal Design is a Standards-Based Curriculum Design

This article presents a process that teachers can use as they develop standards-based lesson plans.


UDL to Provide SDI in the General Education Classroom

This publication by Polling & Novak helps educators put UDL in the context of accommodations and the specially designed instruction and interventions needed to address the unique methods and supports for learners with disabilities.



Family Resources

These resources will help parents and guardians more comfortably interact with the school about their child's needs and support their child’s participation and membership in the school and class they would attend if they did not have a disability.


How Parents & Teachers Can Work Together in the Inclusive Classroom

This brief by Nicole Eredics, a teacher and parent, gives a personal perspective on the steps to achieving a collaborative relationship.


Parents, Family, and Community Participation in Inclusive Education

This booklet, developed by UNICEF, helps engage families and communities in the process of implementing inclusive education, with an emphasis on children with disabilities.



Paraprofessional Resources

Individualized instruction and supports for students with disabilities are sometimes provided by paraprofessionals under the guidance of the special and/or general education teacher in the general education classroom. These resources address common questions about the role that paraprofessionals can play in a student's education.


Addressing the Paraprofessional Dilemma in an Inclusive School

Dr. Michael Giangreco and his colleagues offer an in-depth description of one elementary school over time as they used an action planning tool to reduce overreliance on paraprofessionals.

Remote Use of Paraprofessional Supports for Students with Disabilities During the COVID-19 Pandemic

Dr. Giangreco shares a series of strategies for the role of a paraprofessional educator in situations where face-to-face instruction is limited.

Topical Resources


In a Meeting
Kids in Slide


Back to School with Mask
Teen study group




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